Records show a man named Robin Hood lived in Wakefield, Yorkshire, in the 13th and 14th centuries. His grave has been claimed to be at Kirklees Priory near Mirfield in West Yorkshire, as implied by the 18th-century version of Robin Hood's Death, and there is a headstone of dubious authenticity. The first clear reference to "rhymes of Robin Hood" is from Line of the lateth-century poem Piers Plowmanbut the earliest surviving copies of the narrative ballads that tell his story date to the 15th century, or the first decade of the 16th century.
In these early accounts, Robin Hood's partisanship of the lower classes, his Marianism and associated special regard for women, his outstanding skill as an archer, his anti-clericalism, and his particular animosity towards the Sheriff of Nottingham are already clear.
It is not certain what should be made of these latter two absences as it is known that Friar Tuck, Pavin - Paul ODette - Robin Hood (Elizabethan Ballad Settings) (CD) one, has been part of the legend since at least the later 15th century. In popular culture, Robin Hood is typically viewed as a contemporary and supporter of the lateth-century king Richard the Lionheart, Robin being driven to outlaw during the misrule of Richard's brother John while Richard was away at the Third Crusade.
This view first gained currency in the 16th century. It is not supported by the earliest ballads. The early compilation, A Gest of Robyn Hodenames the king as "Edward", and while it does show Robin Hood as accepting the King's pardon he later repudiates it and returns to the greenwood. The oldest surviving ballad, Robin Hood and the Monkgives even less support Pavin - Paul ODette - Robin Hood (Elizabethan Ballad Settings) (CD) the picture of Robin Hood Pavin - Paul ODette - Robin Hood (Elizabethan Ballad Settings) (CD) a partisan of the true king.
The setting of the early ballads is usually attributed by scholars to either the 13th century or the 14th, although it is recognized they are not necessarily historically consistent. The early ballads are also quite clear on Robin Hood's social status: he is a yeoman. While the precise meaning of this term changed over time, including free retainers of an aristocrat and small landholders, it always referred to commoners. The essence of it in the present context was "neither a knight nor a peasant or 'husbonde' but something in between".
We know that artisans such as millers were among those regarded as "yeomen" in the 14th century. From the 16th century on, there were attempts to elevate Robin Hood to the nobility and in two extremely influential plays Anthony Munday presented him at the very end of the 16th century as the Earl of Huntingdon, as he is still commonly presented in modern times, Pavin - Paul ODette - Robin Hood (Elizabethan Ballad Settings) (CD). As well as ballads, the legend was also transmitted by "Robin Hood games" or plays that were an important part of the late medieval and early modern May Day festivities.
The first record of a Robin Hood game was in in Exeter, but the reference does not indicate how old or widespread this custom was at the time. The Robin Hood games are known to have flourished in the later 15th and 16th centuries. It is commonly stated as fact that Maid Marian and a jolly friar at least partly identifiable with Friar Tuck entered the legend through the May Games. The early ballads link Robin Hood to identifiable real places and many are convinced that he was a real person, more or less accurately portrayed.
A number of theories as to Pavin - Paul ODette - Robin Hood (Elizabethan Ballad Settings) (CD) identity of "the real Robin Hood" have their supporters. Some of these theories posit that "Robin Hood" or "Robert Hood" or the like was his actual name; others suggest that this may have been merely a nickname disguising a medieval bandit perhaps known to history under another name.
Other enemies included wealthy ecclesiastical landowners. Robin treated women, the poor, and people of humble status with courtesy. A good deal of the impetus for his revolt against authority stemmed from popular resentment over those laws of the forest that restricted hunting rights. The early ballads, especially, reveal the cruelty that was an inescapable part of medieval life.
Numerous attempts have been made to prove that there was a historical Robin Hood, though references to the legend by medieval writers make it clear that the ballads themselves were the only evidence for his existence available to them. The theme of the free but persecuted outlaw enjoying the forbidden hunting of the forest and outwitting or killing the forces of law and order naturally appealed to the common people.
Although many of the best-known Robin Hood ballads are postmedieval, there is a core that can be confidently attributed to the medieval period. During the 16th century and later, the essential character of the legend was distorted by a suggestion that Robin was a fallen nobleman, and playwrights, eagerly adopting this new element, increased the romantic appeal of the stories but deprived them of their social bite.
Postmedieval ballads which gave Robin a companion, Maid Marian also lost most of their vitality and poetic value, doubtless as a result of losing the original social impulse that brought them into existence. Robin Hood. Article Media. Info Print Cite.
Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
CD 1 - Robin Hood (Elizabethan Ballad Settings) 1: I Cannot Keepe My Wyfe At Howme Composed By – Anon.* 2: Up Tails All Composed By – Anon.* 3: The Spanish Pavane Composed By – Anon.* 4: Robin Hoode Composed By – Mr. Ascue* 5: John Come Kisse Me Now Composed By – Anon.* 6: Chromatica Pavana. Online shopping from a great selection at Digital Music Store. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this rifilrocheckcenpo.stosinatflirridekefedtethenesspo.co rifilrocheckcenpo.stosinatflirridekefedtethenesspo.co’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle . Aug 17, · Paul O'Dette is unquestionably the finest performer on the renaissance lute who is recording these days. This CD is a compilation of 24 assorted ballad settings, from a wide variety of sources/5(3). Aug 17, · Paul O'Dette is unquestionably the finest performer on the renaissance lute who is recording these days. This CD is a compilation of 24 assorted ballad settings, from a /5(3). According to ballads, the setting of Robin Hood's adventures was not Sherwood Forest. It was Barnsdale Forest, which is in South Yorkshire, England. Over time, the legend became more closely. Subject: RE: Robin Hood ballads From: Stewie Date: 08 Apr 03 - PM John Kirkpatrick does an 8-minute 'Robin Hood Rescuing The Squires' on Various Artists 'Ballads' Fellside FECD This is based on a version sung to Vaughan Williams by Mrs Goodyear of Axford, Hampshire, in conflated with verses from versions in Child and some remembered by Northhamptonshire poet, John Clare. Robin Hood is a legendary heroic outlaw originally depicted in English folklore and subsequently featured in literature and film. According to legend, he was a highly skilled archer and rifilrocheckcenpo.stosinatflirridekefedtethenesspo.co some versions of the legend, he is depicted as being of noble birth, and in modern retellings he is sometimes depicted as having fought in the Crusades before returning to England to find his lands. According to ballads, the setting of Robin Hood's adventures was not Sherwood Forest. It was Barnsdale Forest, which is in South Yorkshire, England. Over time, the legend . Major Discoveries: Paul O’Dette Plays The Original Ancient Airs and Dances By David Hurwitz on July 21, in This is one of those discs that's easily overlooked, consisting as it does of short works from a variety of composers and sources.
The Like In I Love You - Brian Wilson - Reimagines Gershwin (CD, Album), Are You Gonna Go My Way - Various - X-Faktor 2016 - A Műsorban Elhangzott Dalok (File), Sweet Home (Original Mix) - Various - Ibiza Rise Forthcoming Releases (Vinyl), Virus Control - Crest Of Darkness - Project Regeneration (Cassette, Album), Side Side, Monowai Side - Les Cleveland And The ;D Day Dodgers;* - The Songs We Sang (Vinyl, Album), Einsteins Brain - Various - Songs Inspired By Literature Chapter One - Artists For Literacy (CD), Shadow Theater - Tony Lizard - Nightvision - Sounds After Dark (CD), Hot For You Baby - John Paul Young - Classic Hits (Vinyl, LP), Showtime - Paul McCartney - Tripping The Live Fantastic (CD, Album)